10 teams, each plays the others four times - twice at home and twice away - for a total of 36 games each, over 36 game weeks.
3 points for a win, 1 point for a draw, 0 points for a loss.
1. points won; 2. play-off (only for deciding the champion); 3. points in head-to-head matches; 4. goal difference in hth matches; 5. total goal difference; 6. total goals scored; 7. games won; 8. higher place of the club's II team in the II teams' league.
Qualification for UEFA competitions:
1 place: 2016/2017 UEFA Champions League qualifiers
2-3 place: 2016/2017 UEFA Europa League qualifiers
4 place: possible 2016/2017 UEFA Europa League qualifiers (depends on Cup outcome)
Relegation from the league:
10 place: relegated to 2016 1 Lyga
Promotion to the league:
1 team from 2015 1 Lyga
Changes from last season:
Dainava relegated to 1 Lyga
Stumbras promoted from 1 Lyga
Changes before the season:
Ekranas, 6th; and Banga, 9th last season; don't receive lisenses and are relegated.
As a result Utenis Utena, 3rd; and Spyris Kaunas, 5th in 1 Lyga last season; are additionally promoted.
UEFA competitions qualifiers:
2016/2017 UEFA Champions League - 2nd Qualifying Round: Žalgiris (as champion)
2016/2017 UEFA Europa League - 1st Qualifying Round: the Cup winner; Trakai (as 2nd) and Atlantas (as 3rd)